Perhaps the most interesting islet of the group

From Antigone the traveller proceeds to Chalki, maybe essentially the most attention-grabbing islet of the group, from the truth that it abounds with spars, and that the stays of mines are nonetheless perceptible, in addition to piles of the waste flung from the shafts centuries in the past. At Chalki stands the monastery of the Trinity, in all probability so named from the truth that it occupies one of many three headlands for which the island is exceptional. It was as soon as very in depth, however was almost destroyed by fireplace ; the wing containing the chapel is, nevertheless, nonetheless excellent, and its porch is an object of nice curiosity to travellers, from the actual fact of its containing a rare and considerably grotesque illustration of the Final Day. On a second top stands one other convent, devoted to the Virgin ; and approached by a really high-quality street, commanding superb views of the encompassing panorama, and fringed with arbutus, cistus, myrtle, and pine timber, amongst which the convent is embosomed.

The primary resident British Ambassador on the Ottoman Court docket retired to this island in an effort to recruit his well being, which had suffered from the local weather, and in the end died right here. His tomb is now destroj’ed, and the inscription-stone is inserted sideways within the wall above the doorway gate of the monastery, whence it can’t be eliminated with out an Imperial firman.

4 noble strains of cypress timber, sweeping downward to the shore, result in a splendid palace, previously belonging to Prince Mavroyeni, who after serving within the Turkish military towards Russia, was decapitated by the Grand Vezir for some alleged offence ; which proved, nevertheless, so insufficient within the eyes of the Sultan, that he struck off the heads of the Vezir and his son, and bestowed the palace and gardens of the sad sufferer upon the household of Affendooli, whose consultant was executed on the graduation of the Greek revolution. The home was sacked by the Turks, after which turned for a time the summer season residence of the Austrian minister, Baron Ottenfels; however it’s now a favorite resort of the Sultan, who has prompted it to be fitted up in the costliest method ; and who often, throughout his sojourn on the island, offers luxurious balls within the European model to the respectable Greek inhabitants and guests.

Cruelties and subsequent

Subsequent comes Prinkipo, celebrated for the cruelties and subsequent exile of Irene, the widow of Flavius Leo, who gave its title to the island, which is the most important and most populous of the group. The city, seated on its japanese shore, accommodates upwards of 300 inhabitants; its circumference is about eight miles, and the stays of a convent nonetheless exist, which was former!)’ tenanted by a sisterhood of fifty nuns. A monastery in a state of dilapidation, devoted to the Transfiguration, and now occupied by a solitary monk, grey with age, stands on the summit of one of many heights; whereas one other, crowning the loftiest hill on the island, and inscribed to St. George, is widely known for its sanctity, and far frequented by the Greeks.

 

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My father wanted us to live with him

So my father needed us to reside with him. However it occurred that many of the household have been then gathered in Constantinople. Moreover our rapid household numbering 4, my uncle, his spouse, their daughter and a cousin have been on the town and lived with my father. And two previous servants who had been so lengthy with us that they have been now a part of the household additionally shared the identical roof. Previous servants are an immovable establishment in Turkey. After years of service they purchase a standing virtually equal to that of a member of the household.

They’ve their very own institution, they don’t do any work besides watching over the employed males, and they’d really feel insulted in the event that they have been paid any wage. They ask for cash after they want it. They’re actually a part of the household. One of many previous servants who was then with my father had been the nurse of my mom, and had married a few years in the past at which period she had been given slightly home comfortably furnished. On the dying, of her husband she felt so lonely that they had no youngsters that she offered her home and got here again to us. She has lived with us ever since and considers us all as her adopted youngsters!

So whereas the home in Nishan Tash was fairly giant it was however full; and far to the remorse of each one among us we determined that we’d go to there solely till we may discover a place of our personal.

All of the principal homes

This was a tough activity. All of the principal homes, all one of the best flats had been requisitioned by overseas officers belonging to the Inter Allied armies of occupation, by their retinues and by their mates. We have been proven many small,  soiled cubbyholes in Pera, which Greek and Armenian house owners have been wanting to lease us at costs even increased than these prevailing in New York. In Stamboul there was no place available, greater than twothirds of town having been destroyed by hearth. We have been nearly deciding to settle in a resort, when ultimately we had the nice luck to fall upon a Greek couple who had instantly determined to break up.

No overseas officers had but heard of it. The home was located in a populous Greek part however was in any other case all proper and it had a toilet which is greater than might be stated of the homes and flats in Pera. The Greeks and Armenians evidently don’t think about bogs as a necessity. In reality I consider that the lavatory on this home though within the cellar has tremendously contributed to make of the place an American headquarters ever since we gave it up.

 

The most rare and costly coffee and tobacco

In institutions, such because the one right here described, essentially the most uncommon and expensive espresso and tobacco is served to the friends, by the proprietor of the home ; however within the widespread run of Coiiee-kiosques, every particular person brings his personal tobacco in a small bag, which lie carries amid the folds of the scarf that lie wears about his waist, or, ought to he have adopted the brand new costume, in his bosom. A brazier, stuffed with heated charcoal, stands within the condominium, and the stranger is not any sooner seated, and has stuffed his chibouque, (two nearly simultaneous operations,) than the cafejhe seizes a small stay coal in a pair of iron pincers, and deposits it on the summit of the tobacco. When the client lias smoked just a few lengthy whiffs, lie requires espresso, which is revamped one other and bigger brazier, and banded to him in its minute cup of porcelain, standing in a metallic zarf,j| and the few paras which, on departing, are paid for the espresso, are thought of a enough compensation to the attentive cafejhe for his house-room, his goblets of clear cool  water, and his exhausted charcoal, in addition to for the article for which they profess to pay.

There’s a marked distinction within the technique of smoking pursued by the higher class of Turks and that practised by the poorer orders. The rich and fastidious Effendi fills the houdaka * of his chibouque with the delicate and expensive tobacco of Salonica, which he inhales, till spherical the perimeters of the bowl a circle of white ash is shaped, wliieh rises buoyantly from the superincumbent morsel of heated charcoal, when he instantly empties the boudaka, and flings the exhausted weed away, for its aroma has then perished, and the tobacco, to a connoisseur, has change into nugatory ; whereas the boatmen and mechanics smoke the sturdy, coarse produce of Latakia, even to the final fragment. There are different kinds of the “ scented weed” imported from the Crimea, Ormus, Circassia, and completely different elements of the East, however the two already quoted are by far the preferred, and essentially the most extensively consumed.

Institutions at Constantinople

There have been, previously, institutions at Constantinople, referred to as Teriarki Tcharchi, or opium-houses, however these exist now not; they have been performed on the identical precept because the Espresso-Kiosqnes; however within the Teriarki Tcharchi, the comparatively innoxious use of tobacco was accompanied by that of opium, which was handed from visitor to visitor, made up into drugs. One in all them, now not appropriated to its authentic goal, hut quickly mouldering to decay, should be seen within the neighbourhood of the Mosque of Soli- manie. It differs in nothing from a standard coffee-house, save in its extent, which is appreciable; and the depressing victims to this singular vice, so painfully described by the Baron de Tott, almost 100 years in the past, are luckily now not to be seen, as the usage of opium is now thought of disgraceful by the Turks; and a person hooked on its use, is considered that just about out of date animal, a sot, could be amongst ourselves.

 

The people pressed eagerly

The folks pressed eagerly to the touch the holy animal, and people who couldn’t come close to unbound their turbans, and solid one finish of it in direction of him, if haply any a part of their gown may be sanctified by such contact. Even the air by which he handed had helpful qualities communicated to it. The multitude appeared to understand it by handfuls, and thrust it into their bosoms, or positioned it on their naked heads underneath their turbans. I discovered it was the final perception that this was the precise camel that bore Mahomet in his hegeira, or flight; and so it was not with out motive they attributed extraordinary properties to the animal on whom Allah had conferred such a miraculous longevity.”*

The Imperial kiosque at Scutari is a beautiful little edifice,, constructed on the very fringe of the rock overhanging the Propontis, and commanding a wonderful view of Constantinople, the harbour, the European shore, and the sunny sea of Marmora, ceaselessly crowded with transport, awaiting a beneficial wind to solid anchor within the Golden Horn. Its partitions are painted in pale inexperienced ; and its snow- white jalousies give to it a cheerful vacation look, which the plain however lovely preparations of its inside have a tendency enormously to intensify. It’s certainly as fairly a toy as even Imperial caprice may engender, and holds its place worthily among the many fifty-seven residences of its illustrious proprietor.

Occupied by the Imperial Guard

The barrack of Scutari, which is occupied by the Imperial Guard, is exceptional even in Turkey, the place these institutions are all the time princely botli of their extent and development: it’s a quadrangle, flanked with sq. towers, inbuilt three sections, progressively lessening, and every crested by a slight spire. The gate of entrance is lofty, and elaborately wrought in iron, giving ingress to a noble sq. or courtroom, the place twelve thousand males could also be commodiously exercised and surrounded on three sides by an open gallery, screening the lengthy ranges of flats above the basement of the constructing.

The bottom flooring is occupied by workshops; the entire of the clothes, cartridges, and different equipments, excepting arms, being manufactured throughout the precincts of the barrack, and really creditably produced. The kitchens are huge, cleanly, and handy, and elaborately fitted with equipment for steam, and the vessels utilized in cooking scrupulously saved; whereas the vegetable retailer, the place piles of each description of herb and root essential to the cooks are rigorously housed, are floored, lined, and roofed with marble; and copious basins of the identical materials, are equipped with the purest and coolest water, from the fountain of the magnificent mosque of Selim III., which stands instantly reverse to the principal gate of the barrack.

 

Fairy boats of the Bosphorus

There may be most likely no boat on this planet so completely elegant—the canoe of the Indian, the gondola of the Venetian, even the vintage classical-looking bark of the Arab, lovely as it’s, should yield the palm to tile fairy boats of the Bosphorus.

The scenario of Beil-Gorod may be very wonderful, because it instructions the doorway of the Bosphorus from the Euxine ; and each vessel sure from the “ Sea of Storms” to the Golden Metropolis essentially passes earlier than it, producing a continually different panorama stuffed with motion and curiosity. The Jouclii Daghi frames within the image on one facet, sobering its tints, and recalling the custom of its former occupant, who, if he didn’t really “sit upon a rock, and bob for whales,” was, in accordance with the legend, fairly in a position to have carried out so, had lie wished it; whereas within the different path the “ocean-stream,” winding between its romantic snores, stretches away far as the attention can attain, now misplaced behind some wooded peak, now seen once more past it, till earth and water, bay and mountain, turn out to be blent in a single pure glittering purple, and are misplaced amid the horizon.

THE AQUEDUCT OF BAGUTCUE-KEUI.

Closed be the attention which eoldly has beheld The long-enduring monuments of eld,

Nor learn upon their proud and hoar decay A lesson to the self-importance, which, based mostly Upon the empty follies of to-day,

Lets all of the soul’s finest emotions run to waste.—MS.

ALLUSION has already been made to this wonderful previous aqueduct, which spans the gorgeous meadow above Buyukdcre with its lofty arches. The view from it’s singularly beautiful, and really intensive; valley and mountain, land and water, waste and forest, arc unfold out on all sides in noble mixture; whereas the deep stillness of the spot provides a sublimity to the panorama which have to be felt to be understood.

There’s a season referred to as by the Turks Patiinjam Melktem, a time in autumn exceptional for producing a specific species of gourd, when a north-east wind invariably units in, and the Black Sea, violently pushed in opposition to the western shore, sends forth a low and solemn moaning like the continual voice of human agony. The elfcct of this terrible diapason from the aqueduct of Baghtchc-Kcui is thrilling, one lengthy wail of woe fills the air w hile the wild waves, hurled in opposition to the rocks on the mouth of the Bosphorus, carry upon their crests the foaming banner of destruction, warning from their vicinage the daring bark which might essay the doorway of the Bogliaz. At this era dense banks of fog are packed in opposition to the rocks, and the entire line of coast presents one mass of heavy uniform obscurity ; rendering a passage, always sufficiently perilous, virtually inconceivable : the doorway is flanked by two daring and abrupt promontories, topped with light-houses, and generally known as the Phanaraki Factors. A small village is located close to every of those beacon-towers: and at no nice distance stand two of the channel-fortresses, strikingly outlined in opposition to the darkish inexperienced rocks on which they arc constructed.

 

A Low Whisper

A low whisper grew audible among the many awe-struck group: their watch had endured lengthy; it was now virtually unavailing—the reckless Infidel had met his destiny ! Every went to his residence, and advised the talc in his harem; and plenty of a good cheek paled, and plenty of a brilliant eye grew dim with tears that night time, within the metropolis of the Moslem.

Morning got here—brilliant, rosy, laughing morning—and all was truthful, and homosexual, and sunny, in that completely satisfied clime ; and because the watchers resumed their station upon the brink of the subterranean, every turned an extended looking out gaze into its depths: however they regarded in useless—the boat and its doomed freight by no means appeared once more!

The mysterious progress

The mind grows dizzy because it makes an attempt to observe in concept the mysterious progress of the fated wanderer over these mysterious waters! Speedy was the splash of his oar because the little bark bounded away; the torch-light flashed broadly upon the gleaming columns of the vault, and had been solid again from the marble far over the rippleless sheet beneath; his reckless laughter made wild music till it was misplaced within the distance, and that he may not distinguish the anxious group whom he had left behind ; after which—then—all was nonetheless, and darkish, and solitary about him ! Above, dome succeeded dome; round, column rose beside column ; beneath, far as the attention may penetrate the gloom, the nonetheless, waveless water unfold itself out, to the fitting and to the left, earlier than and behind—the identical wild, stern, chilling monotony reigned all through the subterranean!

For a time, perchance, he rowed on in a straight line—his watery path may thus be simply retraced—and nonetheless the vista lengthened as lie went. Hours crept slowly by, and his vigorous arm relaxed considerably of its energy; and the environment grew dense, and engendered unusual vapours, which pressed upon his mind, and induced a languor that brought about him to attract in his oars, and ruminate for some time upon the scene round him. The torch had grown extra feeble in its results, and the shadowy darkness of the vaulted aisles by which he was encompassed on all sides pressed extra carefully upon him, and lie strained his eye-balls to look deeper into their black depths! His respiration, too, grew to become impeded; and the hand was much less agency than its wont, which loosened the kerchief about his neck: whereas within the act of doing so, he suffered the little boat to swing spherical, and directly grew to become aware that he not recognised the avenue by which he had entered the vault.

A consciousness of his own great personal beauty

It was presumably from a consciousness of his personal nice private magnificence that Ali indulged in so inhuman a hatred in the direction of those that have been much less bodily gifted ; and that his style for bringing his sufferer into speedy contact with himself, grew out of the savage self-importance of forcing upon him a way of his personal ugliness. Be that as it could, he’s described by those that knew’ him as one of many mildest and most benevolent trying of males.

On the web page of the poet the identical document is inscribed ; for thus “ the Childe ” bears witness to the constancy of the outline at a later interval of the Pasha’s life:—

“In marble-paved pavilion, the place a spring Of dwelling water from the centre rose,

Whose effervescent did a genial freshness fling,

And smooth voluptuous couches breathed repose,

Au reclined, a person of wars and woes;

But in his lineaments ye can not hint,

Whereas gentleness her milder radiance throws Alongside that aged venerable face,

The deeds that lurk beneath, and stain him with shame.

“ It isn’t that yon hoary lengthening beard

111 fits the passions which belong to youth;

Love conquers age—so Hafiz hath averr’d,

So sings the Teian, and he sings in sooth—

However crimes that scorn the tender voice of ruth,

Beseeming all males unwell, hut most the person

In years, have mark’d him with a tiger’s tooth ;

Blood follows blood, and thru their mortal span,

In bloodier acts conclude those that with blood started.”

On the crest of the hill

On the crest of the hill behind Bebee, there’s an oak wooden, in whose depths is a small house lined with brief recent turf, and not using a single tree, the place the human voice awakens a multiplied echo so singular as to have change into a supply of a lot amusement to its guests. A horse, gallopped quickly around the enclosure, produces exactly the impact upon the ear of a distant cost of cavalry; and a peal of laughter is so terribly extended, as nearly to show marvel into ache.

The village of Bebec is principally inhabited by Greeks.

The archery parties of the Sultan

There may be a lot etiquette noticed within the archery events of the Sultan. First Hies the arrow of Mahmoud himself, as he stands on the proper of a line of Pashas and Beys, who’ve been formally invited to partake of the game; and instantly off begin half a dozen of the pages of the family to recuperate the missive, and to mark the spot the place it falls. These functionaries, who endeavour to out-speed one another, and to safe the prize which, on the event of an extended shot than normal, they’re certain to obtain from their sovereign, run with their heads near the earth, and customarily contrive to select up the arrow with out checking their pace, and to hold it on for a long way earlier than they have an effect on to seek out it, after they proclaim their success with a shrill cry; and the measurement of the bottom takes place without delay, the place the shot is taken into account sufficiently exceptional to warrant the ceremony.

The very “ lengthy bow,” which we now have cited to have been drawn by the Sultan on the glad event when the area over which his arrow had travelled was declared to be 300 yards, is claimed to have been the frolic of a sportive and daring web page, who, having gathered it up at an inexpensive distance, ran on till he had a imaginative and prescient of detection, when he stopped, unquestioned if not unsuspected, and without delay established the celebrity of his Imperial grasp as the primary Toxopliolite in Europe.

AVhen the Sultan has ascertained his success, every of his courtly companions shoots in flip; however it’s virtually pointless to comment, that their arrows all the time fall in need of the mark : whereas, regardless of the diplomatic frauds of time-serving dependants, it’s equally sure that there are few archers both so skilful or so swish because the Emperor of Turkey.

THE SERAI BOURNOU

A wealthy confusion type’d a disarray In such kind, that the attention alongside it forged Might hardly carry any factor avay,

Object on object flashed so brilliant and quick:

A stunning mass of gems, and gold, and glitter, Magnificently mingled in a litter.”

THE celebrated Serai Bournou, occupying the obtuse level of the triangle on which Constantinople is constructed, boasts, as maybe its best peculiarity, that it was as soon as in itself a metropolis. The traditional Byzantium was based within the yr A. C. 660, by a Lacedemonian colony ; and a portion of the unique partitions are literally standing at today, and nonetheless serve to separate the palace gardens from the general public avenue. The mouldering however strong masonry which now girdles the Imperial residence of the Caliphs, as soon as belted a metropolis; and the groves and alleys which can be to-day scantily traversed by slaves, eunuchs, and ladies, have been in instances of outdated thickly peopled with an lively, busy, and enterprising inhabitants.

 

The city of Constantinople

The partitions of Constantinople

The partitions of Constantinople are fraught with attention-grabbing recollections. To the historian they inform of the various fortunes of a mighty empire; to the antiquary, of the noblest days of Roman artwork; and to the soldier, of the daring and heroic deeds of a race lengthy gone, however dwelling nonetheless within the web page of custom; whereas, to the traveller and the person of style, they provide scenes of picturesque magnificence, various at each level of his pilgrimage; and presenting a succession of landscape- views which defy alike the outline of the vacationer, and the pencil of the painter.

Town of Constantinople

Town of Constantinople occupies a triangular promontory above the Propontis, and it has been strongly fortified on all sides, as properly these that are washed by the ocean, as on that which is the bottom of the triangle, and connects it with the principle land. The partitions prolong twelve miles, sweeping from sea to sea, operating alongside the entire size of the harbour, restraining the billows of the ocean of Marmora, and terminating within the celebrated fortress of the Seven Towers. They’re each the place ruinous, and in a number of locations so totally dilapidated as to be wholly ineffective for the needs of defence ; their reparation being a herculean undertaking at current unmeditated by the Turks, and possibly by no means to be achieved.

At some factors the inspiration of the partitions is shaped by large lots of rock, a species of structure nonetheless to be traced in a number of of essentially the most historic Grecian buildings, and previously termed Cyclopaean; and fabulously asserted to be the work of giants, owing to tire huge dimension and weight of the stones employed. In different spots, notably on the aspect of Marmora, the masonry commences usually from the very fringe of the water; and the place the motion of the waves has displaced the unique materials, piles of damaged shafts of essentially the most lovely proportions, hewn into fragments, have, in countless situations, been substituted to forestall the ingress of the water to the gardens and kiosques by which the shore is fringed. The antiquarian treasures thus recklessly lavished the place baser materials would have sufficed, are mentioned to be past value; and plenty of a sculptured capital and graven stone could also be detected because the caiques slowly glide alongside over the glittering ripple, which render the traveller prepared to consider and to mourn over the very fact. Permission has in a number of situations been sought by strangers to take away a few of these tempting reliques, however it has at all times been coldly and resolutely denied.

 

Circular analies

Mingled amongst these slippers might also be seen a variety of round analies, or hand-mirrors, with quick handles, mounted in gold or silver embroidery, and ceaselessly enriched with seed pearls. These fairly toys are indispensable to the Turkish women, as they’re the companions, not solely of their bogs however of their voyages up and down the Bosphorus, the place, reclining on their cushions, they restore, because the swift caique shoots alongside, the disarray which the sharp sea-breezes create within the folds of their snowy veils and ample mantles.

However decidedly probably the most glittering road within the Tcharchi, is that appropriated to the embroiderers; the place silks, stiff with probably the most elaborate needle-work, wrought in gold and silver threads; virtually impalpable muslin, homosexual with clusters of bright-coloured silken flowers; tobacco luggage of cachemirc, which seem to have value the maker years of labour; and expensive scarfs from Persia, with golden borders shaped of verses from the Koran, or love-ballads from Hafiz, are to be seen on all sides. All of the embroidery wrought in Constantinople, with only a few exceptions, is the work of the Armenian ladies, who, secluded much more strictly than the honest Turks inside the recesses of the harem, emulate their thrifty and pains-taking husbands in tbeir untiring business; however a lot of the costliest, significantly that which is labored on cacheinire, is imported from Persia.

The Fruit Bazar stands near the water’s edge, and abounds with dried fruits of each description—figs and dates from Smyrna; raisins, plums, the small candy currant of Corinth, and each different selection able to preservation ; the one inconsistency being the sale of cheese, and Russian butter, packed in calf-skins, and most disagreeable in look, among the many extra enticing articles already enumerated.

Sample and texture

The Broussa silks occupy a really appreciable road, because the produce of the celebrated looms of that metropolis is vastly esteemed by the Turks, each for sample and texture. The staple commerce of the traditional capital of Bithynia being uncooked silk, two-thirds of the homes are colonized by the “ spinning-worm ;” and the silk is consequently utilized by the weavers with a profusion which renders the standard of the manufacture so strong, that many people have been deluded into the idea that it was blended with cotton—a cloth which is to them way more costly and diflicult of entry. The colors are seldom shiny; for the waters about Broussa arc so extremely mineralized, as to uninteresting the silk very materially within the strategy of spinning; but it surely most likely derives from the identical circumstance its uncommon energy and sturdiness. The workmen of the town are extraordinarily knowledgeable in interweaving gold and silver threads within the warp; and the silks so woven are vastly esteemed within the harems. The plainer patterns are utilized by each sexes indiscriminately; and almost the entire costume of each respectable Turk or Armenian consists of Broussa silk. The demand is therefore very nice, and the provision commensurate with it; and there are few busier localities within the Tcharchi than this. Just a few Genoa velvets and European satins could also be discovered within the bales of the retailers; however as they’re comparatively unsaleable, the Frank woman who seeks them has no alternative of being fastidious in her choice.